Australia 2060: future prosperity or slow decline

Future projections draw on the latest scientific data and modelling from leading experts at CSIRO and input from more than 50 senior leaders from across industry, non-profit and university sectors


The Australian National Outlook 2019 (ANO), a new report from the CSIRO, NAB and more than 20 partners which looks out to 2060, signals Australia may face a slow decline if it takes no action on the most significant economic, social and environmental challenges.

But, if these challenges are tackled head on, that Australia could look forward to a positive outlook vision, with strong economic growth, ‘net zero’ greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, affordable energy, and more liveable major cities.

"The ANO is a unique way of uniting the power of science with the lived and hoped-for experiences of Australia’s industry leaders and chart a path to prosperity that gives all Australians a better quality of life," CSIRO Chief Executive Larry Marshall said.

Achieving a positive Outlook Vision future - by numbers what’s possible for Australia by 2060

  • Our living standards in 2060 – as measured by GDP per capita – could be as much as 36 per cent higher in the Outlook Vision compared with the Slow Decline scenario
  • Average real wages (adjusted for inflation) could be 90 per cent higher than today
  • Passenger vehicle travel per capita could decline by up to 45 per cent in our major cities, with more people living closer to work, school, services and recreation
  • Household spending on electricity – relative to incomes – could decrease by up to 64 per cent
  • Greenhouse gas emissions could be reduced to "net zero" by 2050.

Five key shifts required to Australia achieving a positive Outlook Vision

The report identifies five key shifts needed to achieve the Outlook Vision:

  • Industry shift - Boost productivity in established industries, prepare our workforce for jobs of the future, and invest in innovative, high-growth industries
  • Urban shift -Increase the density of our major cities, create a wider mix of housing options, and improve our transportation infrastructure
  • Energy shift - Adopt low-emissions technologies in electricity and transport, triple energy productivity, and pursue opportunities for low-emissions energy export
  • Land shift - Invest in food and fibre industries, find new and profitable ways to use our land, and build resilience to climate change
  • Culture shift - Restore the trust in institutions, companies and politics.

To help solve the challenges raised in the report ANO participants will shortly announce commitments to support the Outlook Vision.

The report was led by the CSIRO Futures team and included over 20 researchers from across nearly every part of CSIRO.

It builds on CSIRO’s 100-year history for shaping and re-shaping Australia’s major industries, environment and society through world-class research.

"Emerging technologies will play a key role and Australian companies need to be aware of both the opportunities and challenges they will create."

This is the second Australian National Outlook report.

Member organisations participating in the Australian National Outlook 2019 include Australian Ethical, Australian National University, Australia Post, Australian Red Cross, ASX, Australian Unity, Baker McKenzie, Birchip Cropping Group, ClimateWorks Australia, Cochlear, CSIRO, Gilbert+Tobin, Global Access Partners, GrainCorp, Lendlease, Monash University, National Australia Bank, PwC, Shared Value Project, Shell Australia, UnitingCare Australia, and University of Technology Sydney.

The Australian National Outlook 2019 and the Technical Report can be downloaded at


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